As natures' work of art, pearls entice a love affair with their owners, who come to love individual pearls in a strand. The story of the pearl is ancient. Because of its natural perfection it was given spiritual and religious significance. Throughout the ages pearls were coveted by royalty and the wealthy. Scientists were fascinated by them and when demand began to exceed supply research began into the farming of pearls and by the early twentieth century Mikimoto in Japan perfected the cultured pearl.